Sildenafil citrate cas 171599-83-0

Sildenafil is a potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) with IC50 values of 3.6 and 3 nM for PDE5 activity in isolated rabbit platelets and human corpus cavernosum, respectively. It is selective for PDE5 over PDE1 and PDE3 (IC50s = 0.26 and 65 μM, respectively). Sildenafil reverses glucose-induced decreases in angiopoietin 1 (ANG1) expression and reduction of capillary-like tube formation by mouse dermal endothelial cells in vitro and increases the number of functional blood vessels and regional blood flow in the sciatic nerve in a db/db mouse model of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. It increases the ratio of maximum intracavernosal pressure to mean arterial blood pressure (ICP/MAP), a measure of erectile function, in castrated rats when administered at a dose of 20 mg/kg per day. Sildenafil (0.5 mg/kg) also reduces cardiac arrest and resuscitation-induced increases in angiotensin II , angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), ACE2, and various angiotensin receptors and increases survival in a porcine model of ischemia/reperfusion injury. Formulations containing sildenafil have been used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and high-altitude pulmonary edema associated with altitude sickness.

Technical Data

Melting point 187-189°C
storage temp. 2-8°C
solubility DMSO: >20mg/mL
form white powder
color White
Water Solubility 3.488g/L(temperature not stated)
Merck 14,8489
BCS Class 1
Stability: Store in Freezer
CAS DataBase Reference 171599-83-0(CAS DataBase Reference)

Biological Activity

Sildenafil citrate is an orally active, potent inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) (IC50 = 4 nM). Enhances nitric oxide-dependent relaxation of human corpus cavernosum in vitro. Sildenafil citrate promotes mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in combination with AMD 3100 (Cat. No. 3299). Reduces pulmonary pressure and edema.

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